Human Resource Development

Human Resource Development
Mandy Hope
BUS 303, Human Resources Management
Prof. Gwendolyn McCants-Allen
November 6, 2011

With today‚Äôs ever changing demands, an effective organization must focus on ways to excel in economic competition to survive.   Human Resource Development (HRD) plays a crucial role in this survival and the life span of a company.   In this paper I will discuss what HRD is, how essential it is to a business and ways a company can practice it successfully.  
Human Resources are the people who work within an organization to achieve its goals.   They are an organizations most prized asset and can take a business far, if managed effectively.   When an organization is really concerned about people, its total philosophy, culture, and orientation will reflect this belief (Ivancevich, 2010).
The history of human resource can be traced through the centuries, starting in early England where labor workers organized themselves into guilds.   Further development arrived with the Industrial Revolution of the 18th century.   Working conditions, social patterns, and the division of labor significantly changed (Ivancevich, 2010).   In the 19th century, scientific management and industrial psychology were two approaches that came about during the era of the wars.   Scientific management dealt with the inefficiencies in labor and management through work methods, time and motion study, and specialization (Ivancevich, 2010).   Industrial psychology worked towards increasing the ability of workers to perform effectively (Ivancevich, 2010).   Another early contributor is the human relations movement of the mid-1960s.   It became a contributor to the field of organizational behavior, the importance of social interaction pertaining to work output (Ivancevich, 2010).   Today we place much more importance on the value of human resources.   We know it is difficult for an organization to thrive without developing positive management of these resources.
Human resource management...