Hiv and Aids

What is the difference between HIV and AIDS? Not many people know about these illnesses and are uneducated about how to prevent this contagious virus from spreading. Well in this paper, I will inform you of what the HIV virus and AIDS really is and how they are different from each other. I will also go over how the immunity system is affected, the treatments necessary for HIV and AIDS patients and the precautions that are necessary to avoid the HIV virus and AIDS.
HIV, which stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus, is a virus that only humans can get. HIV affects the immunity system, which fights off infections, bacteria and disease, therefore; becoming ill, may be more common with people that have the HIV virus as well as fighting off illnesses and getting well. A patient with a healthy immune system will most likely have fewer complications with the HIV virus rather than someone with a weak immunity system. There is no medications to get rid of the HIV virus; therefore, anyone that is diagnosed with the HIV virus will live with the virus for the rest of their life (McGowan, 2007).
HIV can be transmitted in three ways. Sexual intercourse, the direct contact with someone’s blood that has the HIV virus and can also be transmitted from an infected mother to her unborn child (Guy Slowik, 2009). The most common way that HIV is transmitted is by sexual contact with an infected partner (Guy Slowik, 2009). The virus enters the body through the lining of the vagina, penis, rectum or mouth during sexual relations. The second most common way to transmit the HIV virus is by direct contact with infected blood. Actions that result with this transmission is by injecting drugs using a shared needle or syringe that is contaminated with the infected blood, health care workers coming into direct contact with the infected blood during procedures and also through blood transfusions (Guy Slowik, 2009). Accidental needle sticks when inserting IVs and giving shots as well into an...