Punishment Research Paper
Dale Allen
Jill Raichel

      People all over the world are being arrested and incarcerated every day for various reasons. These can be ranged from abuse of many different types, possession of controlled substances, robbery, assault, and murder. There are four justifications for punishment. These justifications include retribution, deterrence, rehabilitation, and social protection.
      I would consider retribution to the same as an “eye for an eye” as punishment the offender must suffer the same amount of suffering, or act of moral vengeance of the crime itself. Retribution has been a factor in society since the first writings of Holy Scripture. To commit a crime was to be offensive to society as well as God. In today’s society this type of punishment is still in effect.
      Deterrence is society’s way of preventing criminal behavior by means of punishment. The mindset of these people in the eighth century was that any punishment would outweigh the benefits of the crime that has been committed. This was put into effect, to hopefully detour people from doing the crime in the first place. The intensions of this was to put a halt to the rising numbers of death penalties by putting the fear into society, they wouldn’t dare commit a crime. Many people argue the effectiveness of this type of punishment because the crime rate is still on the rise.
  Rehabilitation is a program designed to teach offenders a new way of life to prevent any further occurrences from the offender. Somewhat like deterrence, rehabilitation is about conformity, but rehabilitation promotes positive improvement. With rehabilitation the treatment is designed to fit the offender rather than the crime. By using environmental control inside correctional facilities, offenders can relearn how to become productive members of society.
  Societal protection is one of the last justifications for punishment. Societal protection is used to...