Focusing on the social model of disability, discuss the ways in which the physical environment can make a difference to the lives of people who have care needs and those who support them.

This essay will begin by defining the social model of disability. It will then discuss what is meant by the physical environment and will then clarify the meaning of the phrase ‘make a difference’. It will consider these issues in relation to people with care needs from both a positive and negative point of view and then from the perspective of those who provide care. The essay will explore these issues by examining a home care environment and then a more formal hospital setting.
The Social Model of Disability (Peace, 2010, p, 23). looks at people with impairments either physical or physiological that are faced with barriers. The Social Model of Disability was devised by (Oliver, 1990; Finklestien, 1998. Cited in Peace, 2010, Pg., 24). ). These   barriers can been grouped into three main headings: ENVIROMENTAL: Poor design of buildings, neighbourhoods and communities not   suitable for disabled people, which excludes the disabled person to participate in Work, daily leisure, family life and day to day activities.ORGAINISATIONAL: The way infrastructure, polices, practices and procedures of an organization may include someone. ATTITUNAL: The way disabled people are perceived, passive, dependent, to be pitied or felt sorry for. Disabled people can internalise these feelings creating a further barrier.

The essay will now explore the issues of how the physical environment effects the impact of care at home for the person who has care needs and the person who supports them.
There is a direct relationship between health and housing but home can also be a barrier to independence and well-being. (Peace, 2010, pg., 13)When an individual has a disability, impairment, poor health, or functional deteriorations due to aging, the physical environment can present many barriers for an...