Health and Safety

Develop health and safety and procedures and practices in health and social care or children and young people’s settings

Outcome 1:
The basis of British health and safety law is the health and safety at work act 1974. The act sets out the general duties which employers have towards employees and members of the public, and employees have to themselves and to each other. These duties are qualified in the act by the principles of so far as reasonably practicable. In other words, an employer does not have to take measures to avoid or reduce the risks if they are technically impossible or if the time, trouble or cost of the measurable would be grossly disproportionate to the risk. What the law requires here is what good management and common sense would lead employers to do anyway: that is, to look at what the risks are and take sensible measures to tackle them.

The health and safety executive is responsible for enforcing health and safety at work.

The management of health and safety at work regulations 1999 generally make more explicit what employers are required to do to manage health and safety under the health and safety act. Like the Act, they apply to every work activity. The main requirement on employers is to carry out a risk assessment.

Employers with five or more employers need to record the significant findings of the risk assessment. Risk assessment should be straight forward in a simple workplace such as a typical office. It should only be complicated if it deals with serious hazards such as those on a nuclear power station, a chemical plant, laboratory or an oil rig.  

Besides carrying out a risk assessment, we also need to:
• Make arrangements for implementing the health and safety measures identified as necessary by the risk assessment
• Appoint competent people to help us implement the arrangements
• Set up emergence procedures
• Provide clear information and training to employees
• Work together with other employers sharing...