General Studies


      Mizoram literally means land of the Mizo people and it is one of the Seven Sister States in North Eastern India, sharing borders with the states of Tripura, Assam, Manipur and with the neighbouring countries of Bangladesh and Myanmar. Mizoram became the 23rd state of India on 20 February 1987.The capital of Mizoram is Aizawl.

      Mizoram has a mild climate, comfortable in summer 20°C to 29°C (68°F to 84°F)and never freezing during winter, with temperatures from 11°C to 21°C (52°F to 70°F). The region is influenced by monsoons, raining heavily from May to September with little rain in the dry (cold) season. The average state rainfall is 254 cm (100 in.), per annum. In the capital, Aizawl rainfall is about 208 centimetres (82 in.) and and in Lunglei another major center about 350 centimetres (138 in.).

Country: India
District(s): 8
Established 20 February 1987
Capital Aizawl
Largest city Aizawl
Governor M M Lakhera
Chief Minister Pu Lalthanhawla
Legislature (seats) Unicameral (40)
Population 888,573 (27th)
• Density 42 /km2 (109 /sq mi)
Official languages Mizo, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area 21081 km2 (8139 sq mi)
ISO 3166-2 IN-MZ

      Mizoram is a land of rolling hills, valleys, rivers and lakes. As many as 21 major hills ranges or peaks of different heights run through the length and breadth of the state, with plains scattered here and there. The average height of the hills to the west of the state are about 1,000 metres (3,281 feet). These gradually rise up to 1,300 metres (4,265 feet) to the east. Some areas, however, have higher ranges which go up to a height of over 2,000 metres (6,562 feet). Phawngpui Tlang also known as the Blue Mountain, situated in the south-eastern part of the state, is the highest peak in Mizoram at 2,210 metres (7,251 feet).

      The biggest river in Mizoram is Chhimtuipui, also known as Kaladan. It originates in...