Gender Imbalance and Its Consequence in Taiwan

Gender imbalance and its consequences in Taiwan

The once imbalanced human sex ratio in Taiwan has reached an even point, that is - one male to one female in total population, according to the latest survey conducted by the Department of Statistics in 2014. And the male population will, predicted by the Department of Health, continue to decrease till the ratio hit 0.91 to 1 in year 2051. The trend seems peculiar for many people since son preference is culturally and socially acknowledged. The tradition-driven preference on baby boys, in fact, remains prevalent and distinct in Taiwan if we examine the statistics of 2014 (e.g. 1.07 male(s)/female at birth). Yet, the country has to face the new era of gender imbalance eventually while male population is diminishing naturally and the female one is, on the other hand, increasing in an artificial way.

The decreasing male population in Taiwan is attributed to the simple fact that men live shorter than women. According to the Life table established by the Ministry of Interior, the male life expectancy pertains to 75.96 while the female reaches 82.47. The gap between genders may be conveniently related to genetic variation or other biological causes. Men, nonetheless, accelerate their own death almost by choice. Based on the statistics, cancer, the top cause of death since 1982, has killed 1.8 times more men than women not because they were weak in nature but because they indulged themselves more in cancer-induced substances, such as alcohol and Nicotine. Beside self-indulgence, men are much more likely injured and consequently perished from traffic-related accidents than women owning to the bad driving habits, suggested in professor Wen’s research. Such self-destruct behaviors determine and destine the fate of diminishing male population in Taiwan.

The increasing female population, on the other hand, is a different and shorter story. In 1987, Taiwan government ratified the law on introducing foreign brides. Many...