Fdr Era

Robert Boesch
Wednesday, December 1, 2009
History 4060
Book Review
Time At War
On December 7, 1941, the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor, sealing America’s involvement in the Second World War. Before the attack, many Americans were against being involved in the war. The scene of Pearl Harbor instilled a sense of national unity and allowed the government pluck the strings of the American people. The war began amidst a great depression in America as well as the rest of the world. Many citizens were struggling with money and racial discrimination, resulting in mass migration into the army or military industry. During this time of exertion, many writers recorded the events that ultimately changed American history forever. Paul Fussell and Katherine Archibald are writers who experienced the war first hand. Their writings have differences in technique and content, but they touch on similar themes and ideas.
Paul Fussell wrote Wartime: Understanding and Behavior in the Second World War. He focused on the war itself. He was a lieutenant in the Army and was wounded in 1945. When writing his book, he not only used his own first-hand account but also the literature and journals of other enlisted men. In his work, the reader delves into the major issues of the war that has long been overlooked. First, he touched on the Allied Powers’ inaccuracies in the military. America at the beginning of the war was not a major military power. It took a lot of work to catch up in military technology. During this sprint to military superiority, the Allied Powers experienced many problems. The one most notable was the amount of friendly fire taken by Allied Forces compared the Axis Powers. The second issue was the soldiers’ lack of identity. With the large number of inexperienced soldiers spread throughout Europe and Asia, the men began feeling a lack of identity. The ranking system of the military didn’t help either. There were many conflicts – or as Paul puts it “chicken shit”...