Assumptions and Fallacies
Gricelis Mercado

Assumptions is the act of taking for granted or supposing, act of taking to or upon oneself, act of taking possession, arrogance or presumption.   Assumption could affect critical thinking in many ways; one way that it can affect critical thinking is by affecting the person’s objectivity. When a person takes things for granted the lose perspective of how things really need to be. One important step that I take to avoid assumptions is to ask questions and find the correct amount of information. Looking for flaws and avoiding assumptions a person will have a better end product or plan. Taking these steps I can prevent the pattern of making too many assumptions and taking a more objective perspective towards situations, problems, issues. Etc. However, assumptions is not always a negative state of mind, a person needs to have a small sense of wonder and future conclusion skills in order to use assumptions for a positive   outcome.
Fallacies definition is logically unsound, deceptive, or misleading. Dr. Labossiere who specializes in fallacy defines fallacy as a fallacy is, very generally, an error in reasoning (Dr. Labossiere, 2011). There are several instances that lead to errors in written, oral, and visual arguments. For example, the belief that there a few choices when actually there are many. To correct this error a person should conscientiously search for the correct amount of evidence that can support if there are more choices to be taken or not. In order, for me to avoid fallacy in my thinking or speaking I would have to first think clearly before I speak, after speak with precision and clearly with accurate information. I’ll need to consider the opposition and be sure to address any counter-arguments so that the audience can see that it has been thought out. Having a well-planned argument is very important in order for the information to be as accurate and clear as possible, and free from fallacy....