Explore the Social and Political Factors That Led to the Formation of the National Curriculum.

Explore the social and political factors that led to the formation of the National Curriculum.

The most important thing in formation of the National Curriculum is to understand the need for it and position of the country in regards to its socio-economical system, political and religious trends as much as international position of Britain. Once we learn the significant historic events it would be clear to understand the factors that led to the creation of the National Curriculum in the UK. The British Government did not show much interest in education long until the end of 19th century. In accordance to D. Gillard (2011) “The first ever UK education act was the 1833 The Factory Act.” It was rather initiation of an act as it contained improvements in conditions for children working in factories and introduced a compulsory two hours schooling a day for these children. It was not easy to put it into practice because the access to education was very restricted. School were run either in the factories or by the church.

Since 1870 education was more of a private intention for rather wealthy people or religious ones, attending schools run by the Church of England. As stated by Gillard (2011) “The Education Act of 1870 ratified by Edward Foster and known as the Foster Act.” This act attempted to provide elementary education for all children aged 5-13. It created the first local school boards. These were the first local authority run schools. The modern education system in England was born from a driven need to have a skilled and qualified work force. The state had a responsibility for education for the first time. “The Foster Act” gave life to other important acts. One of them was the Free Education Act 1891, which began free elementary education. Subsequent and significant in British education was also the Education Act 1902 (Balfour’s). This act abolished school boards and in their place Local Educational Authorities were created to organise funding, employ...