Ecosystems at Risk

A management strategy is ‘a plan of attack’; a response to the problem or concern at hand.
Management strategies are needed to protect ecosystems (including those used by indigenous peoples) at a local, national, regional, continental and global level.   They are used to preserve and conserve ecosystems at risk and recognise the need to manage whole ecosystems. This may involve strategies that range from total preservation to sustainable development.
Management strategies over time have changed in various ways to suit the way the population has developed. Changes in ecosystem management strategies can be caused by technological advances, changes in the ecosystem itself, and economic and environmental issues.
Traditional Management Strategies
In early years, traditional management strategies were put in place by the Aboriginal people (traditional management strategies) in order to protect and nurture the land for future generations. They are careful in their ways in which they approach and interact with their environment. The Indigenous Australians believe they have the responsibility to take care of, and nurture the land to allow it to be preserved for longer periods of time so this is why they put their management strategies in place. They see themselves as custodians of the land.
Aboriginals take into account how they treat the land when they use it to gather food and shelter and their ecosystem management objective is to respect the earth. Their aim is self-efficiency, only taking what they need. In doing this, they eliminate the amount of wastes that they produce keeping the interdependent relationship with the environment.
Aborigines did manipulate the environment and the ecosystems in order to meet their needs to survive, but these did not diminish or destroy the ecosystems. Some of these manipulations may have been digging trenches, dammed rivers, and used fire stick burning. These may have all had short term impacts on the surroundings but the...