Early Settlement of the United States

Early Settlement of the United States

As a state, the United States existed only after the end of the 18th century. But the story of the first American settlers is much older: native Americans emigrated from Russia arrived in Alaska and then in America. In 900, Vikings discovered America by Greenland, and only then Christopher Columbus “discovered” America. After this date, the actual conquest of America finally started.

  I. Origins of the Conquest

  1. Native Americans before the Conquest
  a) Nomadism until 8,000 B.C.
  * 75,000 years ago = first settlement
  * These first inhabitants were nomads and did not practice agriculture back then.
  * Later, the flow of people coming from Russia ended around 1200 B.C., because the Strait of Berry could not be used anymore, mainly because of the deglaciation.
  * Some animals even died, which prevented the Natives from hunting and lead them to become sedentary and to have an organized life.

  b) Sedentary life in America (8000 – 4000 B.C.)
  * People slowly started to practice agriculture and to live from it.
  * This increased their quality of life and their living conditions as well.
A process that got going the development of civilization in America.

  c) Indian settlement and Civilization (4000 – 1700 B.C.)
  * Village settlement started to multiply and a development of social hierarchy began.
  * The people associated religious life with religious symbols, had a political life, were involved in wars of clans, wrote with symbols and continued to develop agriculture and hunting.
  * Thanks to agriculture and hunting, the economic life was developing itself.
  * Before the arrival of the European (before 1492), there were about 1,000 tribes – with upward of 2 million people:
  * Half of them lived on the East coast
  * Another big part on the South coast
  * Some others on the Pacific coast
  * And the rest were on...