Early Childhood

1. Summarise the Main Development of a Child from the Age range 0-2, 3-5, 5-8 Years


After a baby is born physical contact begins when they lie on their backs, touch their toes and discover their fingers, they can also turn their heads to smell the mothers breast. As time goes on they become to crawl and shuffle around and may even attempt to walk. At two they should be walking and trying to throw a ball. When they reach the age of four, physical activities may be varied with skipping or hopping included ball. By the time the child is five their drawings will resemble the objects they are creating.


Within the early months a child will make eye contact and they will be reaching out with their hands to grasp an object offered to them. At the age of two a child will be amusing themselves with ‘pretend’ play with favourite toys. By the age of four the child will be demonstrating their ability to paint and draw with their pictures being recognizable. Their reading and writing skills should be completed with little or no intervention.


From birth to the age of two a Childs vocabulary has increased from cooing to having a vocabulary of at least fifty words, although used only to communicate with. Between the age of three and five they would be able to learn songs and rhymes and be standing up confidently to recite them. When they reach the age of six they should be able to give descriptions of toys or games they have.


Within the first two years of its life a child would have felt the bond between itself and its carer and also recognised the moods of those around them. Between the age of three and five a child will be able to communicate how they are feeling and discovering the differences between males and females. At the age of five is when a child can control their own feelings.


A new born baby loves the social side of things when it comes to bathing and feeding. They are easily soothed when in close contact...