Dse141 Tma 03

TMA 03

OPTION A: Drawing on examples from Chapters 1, 6 and 8 of Discovering Psychology examine and assess the advantages of THREE different methods used in psychological research.


In this essay, I am going to examine and assess the advantages of three different methods used in psychological research: interview method, observation method and experiment method. In view of the fact that psychological research is on the whole tested on people and animals, it is regularly the case that the observations or experimental interventions that a psychologist may want to make have the prospective of harming participants and for this reason increase ethical issues. In addition, consequences that might not be openly undesirable for the participants might increase more general ethical principles to do with moral standards and values. Psychologists have gradually more become aware of ethical issues and accepted that psychological research has sometimes been ethically questionable. Therefore, there are many different methods of psychological research including the main three that I am going to examine and assess.

Main Body

The interview method of psychological research is a conversation with a purpose and is non-experimental design. The interviewer in one on one conversation gathers detailed personal information from individuals using oral questions. The interview is used commonly to increase and extend our knowledge about individual thoughts, feelings and behaviours or how they think they feel and behave. Interviews can give us both quantitative and qualitative data about participant’s thoughts, feelings and behaviours. This is due to the standardisation nature of questions asked. The more structured or standardised interview questions are, the more able you are to get quantitative data. Quantitative data is consistent and easy to analyse. The less structured and free ranging the interview questions the more qualitative your data becomes. Qualitative...