No. 07036987

Smoking is an ancient custom. The Greeks and Romans smoked pipes, using hemp, lavender and others leaves. The American Indians have been using tobacco, in pipes, for at least 1,000 years. This habit of tobacco smoking was reported by the fifteenth and sixteenth century explorers who visited South America, the first of whom was Christopher Columbus in 1492. The quality of tobacco plant was improved   by the New World settlers along the east coast of the USA, in the states of now known as Maryland, Delaware, Virginia and the Carolinas.
The introduction to Britain of the habit of smoking in pipes is attributed to Sir Walter Raleigh. By 1620, about 15,000kg of tobacco was imported into England, to be smoked by the rich in pipes or cigars.
At the dawn of the 20th century, the most common tobacco products were cigars, pipe tobacco, and chewing tobacco. The mass production of cigarettes was in its infancy, although cigarette smoking was beginning to increase dramatically.   In 1888, tobacco products were suspected of producing some adverse health effects, yet tobacco was also considered to have medicinal properties. Many scholars and health professionals of the day advocated tobacco’s use for such effects as improved concentration and performance, relief of boredom, and enhanced mood. By the dawn of the 21st century, in contrast, tobacco had become recognized as being highly addictive and one of the world’s most devastating causes of death and disease. Moreover, because of the rapid increase in smoking in developing nations in the late
Student No. 07036987

20th century, the number of smoking-related deaths per year is projected to rise rapidly in the 21st century. For example, the World Health Organization (WHO) estimated that in the late 1990s there were approximately 4 million tobacco-caused deaths per year worldwide. This estimate was increased to approximately 5 million in 2003 and could reach 10 million per year by the...