Discrimination of Homosexuality

Labour Economics 16 (2009) 364–372

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Labour Economics
j o u r n a l h o m e p a g e : w w w. e l s ev i e r. c o m / l o c a t e / l a b e c o

Sexual orientation discrimination in the labour market☆
Nick Drydakis ⁎
Department of Economics, University of Piraeus, 80 Karaoli and Dimitriou Street, 18534 Piraeus, Greece Department of Regional Economic Development, University of Central Greece, 8 L. Katsoni Street, 32100 Levadia, Greece Department of Public Administration, Panteion University of Social and Political Sciences, 136 Syggrou Avenue, 17671, Kallithea, Athens, Greece Scientific Centre for the Study of Discrimination, Ίσον, Athens, Greece

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This research examines the possible discrimination faced by gay men compared to heterosexuals when applying for jobs in the Greek private sector. This issue was addressed through the observation of employer hiring decisions. Mailing pairs of curriculum vitae, distinguished only by the sexual orientation of the applicants, led to the observation that gay men faced a significantly lower chance of receiving an invitation for an interview. However, in cases where employers called applicants back, the wages offered did not differ significantly between gay and heterosexual applicants. Nevertheless, there is substantial evidence to suggest that discrimination based on sexual orientation does exist in the Greek labour market, and at alarmingly high levels. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Article history: Received 6 December 2007 Received in revised form 4 November 2008 Accepted 16 December 2008 Available online 3 January 2009 JEL classification: C93 J7 J16 J31 J42 J64 J71 J82 Keywords: Field experiment Sexual orientation Hiring discrimination Wage discrimination Probit model OLS model

1. Introduction During the past several decades, gay and lesbian Greeks have been fighting for visibility, equal rights and respect with...