Discribe and Evaluate Carl Jungs Therory Concerning Personality Types and Show How They Might Usefully Help a Therapist to Determine Therapeutic Goals

“Describe and evaluate Carl Jung’s theory concerning personality types and show how they might usefully help a therapist to determine therapeutic goals”

  In this essay I aim to demonstrate an understanding of Jung’s theory of personality types by looking at the origins and characteristics of the attitudes and functions and how these can be related to psychological disturbance. I will also be making comparisons with other ‘type’ theories and I will also look at some of the criticisms levelled at Jung’s theory.   I will be describing and evaluating his theory and how it might be useful in helping a therapist to determine therapeutic goals. I will then conclude my findings.

  Carl Jung (1875 – 1961) was among many great personality theorists who drew inspiration and guidance from the ancient models like astrology and the Greek Four Temperaments model. For hundreds of years there has been some kind of 'typology' to try and categorise individual’s attitudes and behaviour, for example; Astrology - Oriental astrologers invented the oldest form of typology; believing that there is a personality trait that is relevant to each sign and that a person’s character/personality can be classified in terms of the elements – fire water air and earth. Those under fire had a fiery nature and corresponding temperament and fate, etc. Hippocrates established the belief in ancient Greece that the balance of body fluids, considered as two pairs of opposites, blood and phlegm, choler and bile, determined character. The Four Temperaments or Four Humours can be traced back reliably to Ancient Greek medicine and philosophy, notably in the work of Hippocrates (c.460-377/359BC - the 'Father of Medicine') and in Plato's (428-348BC) ideas about character and personality.
  Galen, (c.130-201AD) the Greek physician interpreted Hippocrates' ideas into the Four Humours. Hippocrates (c.370BC) Four Temperaments were; cheerful, somber, enthusiastic and calm, whereas Galen’s Four Humours were;...