Democratization of Pakistan



Mansoor Akber Kundi Arbab Mohammad Jahangir he adoption of a constitution is a momentous event in the life of nation. A constitutional charter is a document of past struggles, achievements issues, arguments and compromises which have been crystallised and purified. It is at the same time a practical machinery of government, a code of conduct for the statesmen of the present. It is also finally a symbol of hopes and aspirations to the entire nation it serves.1 Federalism is a form of government in which powers are divided between the central government for the whole country and governments for parts of the country, better known as federal units. The federal form of government is a common existing form of government. It is because of the face that the federal form of government is more suitable for those societies which are heterogeneous in character. A majority of the societies in the world comprise different ethnic, cultural and linguistic groups. If the diversity of these groups is not united by a viable political system, the survival of the particular society may be at stake. A federal form of political system provides two divisible sets of subjects for the two kinds of governments (federal and state/ provincial). There can be a third list of the subject, commonly known as concurrent, over which both federal and state governments can exercise power; nonetheless, in the case of differences over the exercise of power, the right of the federal government will prevail. Thus, both the governments derive their powers from a single federal constitution.2 The strength of federalism, which has emerged as a philosophy of politics and a successful mechanism of government to attain

political unity between various social entities in a society in large number of nation-states, springs from constitutional foundations. In the case of Pakistan, a heterogeneous society being divided into a number of ethnic...