Culturally Competent Nursing Care

Culturally Competent Nursing Care: The Mexican-American Culture

Culturally Competent Nursing Care: The Mexican-American Culture
Rachael Crossgrove
Florida Keys Community College

Health care in the United States is very challenging, and is more now than ever as the population becomes more culturally diverse.   As our population becomes more diverse the demand for culturally competent healthcare is on the rise.   Cultural competence is a developmental process that involves the ability to understand different cultural and ethnic backgrounds.   It includes the ability to understand and accept the language, culture, and behaviors of individuals and groups outside of one’s own culture.   The Mexican-American population is the most abundant growing minority group in our country.   Therefore it is imperative to gain an understanding of their culture in order to provide culturally competent nursing care.

The article I have chosen begins by stating the Mexican-American population is on the rise.   The authors stress the need to increase nurses’ awareness of this particular culture and their beliefs and values of health and illness.   They decided to perform a field test in Texas because in 2000, Hispanics comprised nearly one third of the total population, Mexican-Americans representing approximately 75% of this group (U.S. Department of Commerce, 2001).   The tool that they decided to use was developed in 1991 by Giger and Davidhizar, called The Transcultural Assessment Model.   The model was developed to be used for those who desire to become culturally competent outside of their own culture.   It is somewhat of an interview guide that includes questions pertaining to social organization, environmental control, and the selected cultures health beliefs and traditional practices.   Mexican-American women were interviewed since they traditionally assume primary responsibility for the maintenance and well-being of their families.   Six bilingual Mexican-American women...