Critically Evaluate Some Aspects of Peron Centered Ciunselling

Emma Phillips
Level four diploma in therapeutic counselling
Essay : Critically evaluate some aspects of person centred therapy.

This essay will critically evaluate some aspects of person centred counselling.   I will provide a brief history of Carl Rodgers, who is considered by many to be a pioneer of the client centred approach, and his career.   Attention will then be drawn to the model of person centred counselling which includes the organismic self, the self concept and the actualising tendency.   I will then move on to discuss the techniques and core conditions used in person centred counselling.   Moving on to the then look at the criticisms of the theory.   I will then draw this essay to a conclusion.

Carl Rogers (1902-1987) was born in Illinois, America.   He lived his childhood in a close knit, religious family, where he was raised on a farm.   With a strict upbringing, Rogers was to become rather isolated, independent and self disciplined.   Later in life he went on to the University of Wisconsin to study agriculture.   During this time he was selected to go to the Beijing for the World Student Christian Federation Conference.   He tells us that his new experiences broadened his thinking to the extent that he began to doubt some of his basic religious views, which later led to Rogers switching to the clinical psychology program of Columbia University, where he received his Ph.D., in 1931.   Rogers began his clinical work at the Rochester Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children, during his time at the clinic he began to develop his own approach to psychology, and a strong belief in human beings.   In   1940, Rogers accepted a position as a professor of psychology at Ohio State University and two years later published Counselling and Psychology.   From 1945 to 1957 he was a professor of psychology of the university counselling centre at the University of Chicago, where client centred therapy was developed and researched (Langdridge, 2008).
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