Through the use of contemporary examples, discuss the effectiveness of the law in resolving conflict between nation states.
World order is the balance of power among nations and the relationships between states that occur within a legal, political and economic framework. It protects human rights, promotes peace and allows for the resolution of conflict with the ultimate aim of promoting stability.
The United Nations (UN) is an organisation established in 1945 under the United Nations Charter, which is a multilateral treaty. It is the major international law making body, which also provides an international forum where international law is developed. The UN employs diplomacy and mediation to help nations prevent and resolve conflicts peacefully and to avert the suffering and destruction of war through the setting up of the International Court of Justice. The United Nations is effective in promoting peace as it encourages negotiations and bilateral or multilateral talks between nations as a method to resolve conflict. This is effective in promoting peace on a small scale however when there are too many parties involved in negotiations, conflicting interests of states often becomes an impediment to progress. Negotiating international multilateral treaties can be time consuming due to the conflicting interests of states making it difficult to come to a decision.
Most international treaties have conditions that state that the treaty only comes into effect after 50 nation states have ratified it. Usually it takes approximately 2 to 3 years for the treaty to satisfy the requirement of 50 ratifications before it comes into force. This lengthy process can often undermine the effectiveness of treaties, as during the negotiation and conferencing process, many acts of violence and aggression may be committed. This is especially challenging in terms of resolving conflict. One of the principles of state sovereignty is non-intervention in the domestic affairs of other...