Cold War

The Cold War was the almost 50 year rift between the Soviet Union and the United States of America. It started in the mid 40's after WWII had left Europe in shambles.   Because of the defeat of Hitler and Germany in WWII, Russia and the USA were both in superpower positions.   The US and Russia had differences in the division of Europe, post war economic aid, and the atomic bomb. (Divine, 810) The Cold War was a clash of these super giants in political, ideological, military, and economic values and ideas. Though military build up was great on both sides neither one ever directly fought each other.
The fundamental disagreement was over which superpower would control post WWII Europe.   The Soviets had control over Poland and the Balkans.   The American and British forces liberated western European areas from Scandinavia down to Italy.   Russia had goals of establishing communist governments, which were loyal to the Soviet Union.   The United States held the principle of democracy and insisted that people chose their post war rulers freely. (Divine, 810)
In the late 40's through early 50's the Soviet Union started to spread the Lenin ideological as it started moving in the western block in Europe. The US started funding the rebuilding of European infrastructure in a system called the Marshall Plan. Marshall appointed Dean Acheson as his undersecretary of state, and George Keenan to head the new Policy Planning Staff. These two individuals played a very important role in creating the foreign policy of the United States for the next several decades, especially when it related to Russia and the U.S.’s attempts to contain it.
The Truman Doctrine comes from a speech given by President Truman to Congress on March 12, 1947, asking for 400 million in military and economic aid for Greece. The worry was that the communists in Greece were being supported by the Russians and if Greece fell to the communists in its civil war, communism would spread throughout the Mediterranean....