Clauswitz vs Jominis


Maritime Strategist

  I. Introduction
      The world of maritime strategist has been around for decades. It is shaped and colored by wars and conflicts between nations and groups. From these occurrences, numerous strategic experts appeared and gave their contribution to the science of maritime strategy. Within this paper, we are comparing the work of Carl Philip Gottfried Von Clausewitz and A.H Jomini and how they independently contribute to the field of maritime strategy.

  II. Discussions
II.1. Clausewitz and Jomini: the Persons
II.1.1 Clausewitz
Carl Von Clausewitz was a professional soldier who lived from 1780 to 1831. He had been a soldier when he was 12 years old and so on until the end of his life. He died of Cholera, a disease he suffered when he was still on active duty in the age of 51. The famous writer saw his first combat as a 13 year old boy in 1794. He experienced first hand Prussia’s disastrous military humiliation by Napoleon. He fought his way to becoming a Prussian III Corps chief of staff in 1815. The history also noted Clausewitz as a significant contributor to Napoleon’s defeat at Waterloo, as his corps held Grouchy’s forces at Wavre with only half the enemy’s forces (Howard, 1983).
The person behind the soldier appearance was an idealist and a fierce staff officer. However, his temper made many people believe that he was unsuitable for command. He was often considered too open to liberal ideas and his ideas on war are heavily influenced by the mass popular warfare of the French Revolutionary period. Some of these ideas were ‘uncomfortable’ to conservative aristocrats. Many believed Clausewitz to be the high priest of Napoleon while he was actually representing the ideas of Napoleon’s opponent, Gerhard Von Scharnhorst (Howard, 1983).

II.1.2 Jomini
Antoine-Henri Jomini on the other hand, did claim that he interpreted Napoleon to the military world. The man joined the French army in 1798, but...