Childhood Illn

Childhood illnesses                                                 Unit 03

Disease & Cause | Spread | Incubation | Signs & symptoms | Rash or specific sign | Treatment | Possible complications |
Chicken Pox- Caused by a virus called Varicella-zoster. | This is very contagious; it spreads in the same way as coughs and colds.   | It takes 7 to 21 days for chicken pox to show after you have come into contact with the virus. Chickenpox is most infectious from 1 to 2 days before the rash appears until all the blisters have crusted over. This usually takes 5 to 6 days from the start of the rash | Before a rash appears the child may have flu like symptoms, including temperature, feeling sick and loss of appetite. Following this an itchy rash appears, some children only have a few spots some may be covered all over there body. | The rash normally appears in clusters and tend to be, behind ears, on the face, over the scalp, under the arms, on chest and belly and on the arms or legs, although they can be anywhere including inside the mouth They start as itchy red spots and after about 12 hours develop a blister and become intensly itchy, the spots will then dry out. | There is no cure for chicken pox and the virus usually clears up by itself without treatment. However there are ways to ease the itch and discomfort, such as paracetamol, if the spots are very itchy you can use calamine lotion or cooling gels. | Complications are rare in healthy children, The most common complication is where blisters become infected, and this is treated with antibiotics. |
Impetigo This is most often caused by a type of bacteria called staphylococcus aurous. It can also be caused by the streptococcus pyogenes bacteria, usually in warmer climates. | It does not cause any symptoms until 4 to 10 days after the initial exposure to the bacteria. Meaning people can easily pass the infection on without realising that they are...