National American University
Business Ethics
LP7 Research Paper
Human Rights and Global Labor Practices
Rhonda Ringheimer


      During the last decade, scholarly criticism of sweatshops has grown increasingly sophisticated. This article reviews the new moral and economic foundations of these criticisms and argues that they are flawed. It seeks to advance the debate over sweatshops by noting the extent to which the case for sweatshops does, and does not, depend on the existence of competitive markets. It attempts to more carefully distinguish between different ways in which various parties might seek to modify sweatshop behavior, and to point out that there is more room for consensus regarding some of these methods than has previously been recognized. It addresses the question of when sweatshops are justified in violating local labor laws. And it assesses the relevance of recent literature on coercion and exploitation as it applies to sweatshop labor. It concludes with a list of challenges that critics of sweatshops must meet to productively advance the debate.
    During the last decade, the debate over sweatshops has grown increasingly sophisticated.   Critics of sweatshops now defend their position with arguments stating that sweatshop labor often represents the best option available for the desperately poor workers to improve their lives and the lives of their families.


    There are many disputes concerning global labor practices, these are at the core of many debates.   Attention focuses on the real or alleged unjust exploitation of workers in economies by Multinational Corporations known as MNC’s.   MNC’s are public companies that operate on a global scale with -out significant ties to any one nation or region, they represent the highest level of international business commitment and are characterized by a global strategy of focusing   on opportunities through-out the world.   Critics charge MNC’s with unjust...