Business Ethics Final Project

Business Ethics
Carolyn Deann Richardson
September 3, 2011
Deborah McCafferty

Business Ethics
The first article selected for this paper is based around the child worker in the Brazilian export oriented shoe industry.   The article from the Business Ethics Quarterly (French & Wokutch, 2005) examines the child workforce and the US Governments views and attempts to push the United States views on Child Labor Laws onto foreign countries such as Brazil.   The article focuses on Franca, Brazil, a city which is renowned for its excellent shoe exports and according to (French & Wokutch, 2005), is notorious for its use of child workers.   The article examines whether the child labor laws are unfair in Brazil, especially in Franca.   It also examines how the Brazilians view child labor, which is definitely different from the standards in the United States.
Interestingly enough, Lynchburg, Virginia, was once the shoe manufacturing capital of the United States and oddly enough in its heyday, the powerhouse shoe manufacturers here in Central Virginia often utilitized child labor, before the labor laws were enacted in the late 1930’s.   In fact Craddock-Terry Shoe Company was the fifth largest shoe producer in the United States.   Most of the history one can find on Craddock-Terry Shoe Company has left out the fact they often employed workers under the legal age of 16 are left off the pages or are pushed into the background.   The fact is Craddock-Terry was sued in 1948 by the United States Circuit Court (United States Circuit Court vs. Craddock-Terry Shoe Corporation, 1948/1949).   The case clearly established the fact that Craddock-Terry consistently employed children under the age of 16, specifically on U.S. Government contracts.
Hence, the automatic attraction for the child labor laws in Franca, Brazil and how the United States put pressure on the manufacturers in Franca, to put an end to employing children under the age of 15 to work in their factories....