Breif History of Ernest Rutherford

Chris Sauer
Due: November 8
Project on :Ernest Rutherford
Section 1
Ernest Rutherford was born on August 30, 1871, in Nelson New Zealand, the fourth child in a family of seven sons and five daughters. His father James Rutherford, emigrated to New Zealand with Ernest's grandfather with the whole family in 1842. His mother was Martha Thompson. He died in Cambridge on October 19, 1937. His ashes were buried in the nave of Westminster Abbey.
Section 2
At this time the education act passed, providing free compulsory education so more people could get a basic education. The New Zealand-Australia telegraph cable was also established so communication technology was expanding farther.
Section 3
In 1887 Ernest, on his second attempt, won a Scholarship to Nelson College,   For the next three years Ernest went to Nelson College. Played in the rugby team and on his second try won one of the scholarships available nationally to help him in the attendance of the University of New Zealand. His mathematical ability won him the one Senior Scholarship in Mathematics available in New Zealand. This allowed him to return for a further year during which he took both mathematics and physics. The physics course required an original investigation so Ernest elected to extend an undergraduate experiment in order to determine if iron was magnetic at very high frequencies of magnetising current. In this he had been inspired by Nikola Tesla's use of his high frequency Tesla coil to transmit power without wires. Ernest developed two devices; a simple mechanism for switching two electrical circuits with a time interval between them which could be adjusted to be as short as a hundred thousandth of a second, and a magnetic detector of very fast current pulses.
Ernest was influenced by a Alexander Bickerton, a liberal freethinker.
In 1893 Ernest obtained a Master of Arts degree with double First Class Honours, in Mathematics and Mathematical Physics and in Physical Science. At this time he...