Barriers to Communication

Safeguard the well-being of children and young people
The United Nations Convention on the ‘Rights of the Child 1989’ was ratified by the U.K on the 16th December 1991.This includes:
• Children’s rights to protection from abuse
• The right to express their views and to be listened to
• The right to care
• services for disabled children
• Services for children living away from home

There is no single piece of legislation that covers safeguarding children and young persons in the U.K.   Different laws and guidelines cover different parts of the U.K: England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland, but the British government regard it bound by the convention and refers to it in child protection guidance.

The Children Act 1989 of England and Wales and the Children Order 1995 of Northern Ireland was to simplify the laws that protect children and young people in their respective UK countries. It was an act to be seen as a serious shake up and made it clear to all that worked with children what their duties were and how they should all work together in the event of allegations of child abuse. England and Wales drew up separate documents with it, emphasised the responsibilities of professionals towards children who are at risk of harm forming Working Together to Safeguard Children (1999).   Further changes were made when the act was reviewed changing the way the system is organised and structured thus forming The Children Act 2004.
After the tragic death of Victoria Climbie at the hands of her carers in February 2000, when the judge at the trial later in the year described the people in Climber’s case as “blindingly incompetent”   by all authorities involved (police, social services department of four local authorities, the National Health service (NHS), the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC) and local churches all had contact with Victoria) as all failed to investigate properly yet all noted signs of abuse. In April 2000 the...