Attachment - Daycare Effects


This assignment will discuss the day care system in Scandinavia, Sweden in comparison to the day care system in UK and USA and how Bowlby’s Maternal Deprivation Theory  
Having watched the video Teachers Tv: How they do it in Sweden I have observed a number of differences in their approaches as to the Childcare system and Early Years learning within the UK and USA.
Children in Sweden attend preschool from 1 year old until they are 5-6years old. Swedish preschool system differs hugely to the UK and USA one major factor being that their education system is not curriculum based and the government says that it should be a place of fun and security and a place of social training for future social situations.   In the UK and USA almost all parents buy into the idea that infants should learn to read and write as soon as possible.   Many of these parents begin to assess their child’s intellectual abilities at this young age and begin to gauge their capabilities upon these measurements; however, in Sweden reading and writing at infant age is not a requirement. If a child cannot read or write by 7 years old in the UK or USA they are deemed as somewhat failures, however, Swedish children learn to read and write at 7 years old and tend to excel to top of European leagues where as UK and USA children do not.
A study in 2002 demonstrated that, by the end of their 6th year in school, children in USA whose preschool learning had been academically directed achieved significantly lower marks compared to those who had attended play-based programmes, furthermore evidence from another study in 2004 that 3000 children funded by the UK Department of Education, showed that an extended period of play-based preschool education made a significant difference to learning and well-being through their primary school years. (New Scientist, 2013)
‘It is thought that when children are given opportunities to choose activities, learning becomes more meaningful and memorable’...