Annexation of Texas

The Annexation of Texas
Steven Wolcott
AIU Online

When Texas was annexed, it was the largest state in the Union; however it was its own country before that. Texas was, at one point, a part of Mexico until it seceded and became the Republic of Texas. During this time period there were many battles with Mexico over land disputes and the Mexican government didn’t accept Texas’s independence. This annexation was the largest expansions to the United States and one of the most difficult to accomplish.

The Annexation of Texas
The state of Texas was a part of Mexico in the early 1800’s and in 1836 won its independence after it revolted. Texas then became the Republic of Texas and soon wanted to be annexed by the United States but was turned down on multiple occasions. However in 1845, worried about British interference, President Polk influenced Congress to annex the massive state. This in turn brought about the Mexican-American War which lasted from 1845-1848 and ended with the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
Both John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson tried to purchase the Texas territory from Mexico, in the 1820’s, but due to political unrest the offers were blatantly refused. Then, in 1836, Texas and other territories of Mexico revolted, winning its independence. Soon afterward the Texas Senate, inspired by President Sam Houston, voted unanimously on annexation into the United States. When this was proposed in Washington D.C., Congress and President Martin van Buren did not accept the proposal because Northern politicians didn’t want the balance of slave states to increase. The threat of war with Mexico also aided in the decision not annexing Texas.
In 1842 Mexico tried to retake Texas twice, exposing vulnerabilities that the British would attempt to exploit, President John Tyler didn’t want the British to interfere in the affairs of Texas, Mexico or the United States. For this reason he pushed Congress for the annexation of Texas, which also brought...