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Throughout history, architecture has changed greatly.   Things such as businesses, homes, and churches have all varied in architectural styles.   In the eleventh and twelfth centuries, Romanesque buildings and arts dominated the world.   This type of architecture was meant to imitate the ancient Roman structures (Perry 293).   During the end of the twelfth century, however, a new style of architecture erupted throughout Europe.   This style is now referred to as Gothic, and it differs in many ways when compared to the more ancient Romanesque style.   Overall, Gothic buildings were designed in a way to reflect people‚Äôs spirituality.   As a result, massive cathedrals were built in order to glorify God (Perry 270).   Although Gothic structures appeared all throughout the world, this type of architecture eventually died out during the fifteenth century (Perry 270).   Eventually, a new type of design came about, which is now called Neo-Classical.   Neo-classical architecture is the current style of design used for buildings and churches, and it varies dramatically from Romanesque and Gothic styles.   In this paper, I have chosen to compare and contrast the structures of three different churches:   the First Church of Christ, Scientist in down town Columbus, Ohio, the Basilica of Santa Maria in Rome, Italy, and Speyer Cathedral in Germany (Frank).
All three of these churches were built during very different time periods.   As a result, the building design and architecture differ dramatically from buiding-to-building.   The First Church of Christ, Scientist was constructed in nineteen fourteen, the Basilica of Santa Maria was built in 431 A.D, and the Speyer Cathedral in Germany was consecrated in 1061 A.D.   The First Church of Christ Scientist architectural style is considered Neo-classical.   Some distinct features of this style includes: a symmetrical shape, tall columns that rise the full height of the building, triangular pediment, and a domed roof.   On the other hand, The...