5 Year Plans

5 Year Plans

The 5 Year Plans, although being successful in building the Soviet Union into a powerful country from 1929 to 1938, left the Russian people dissatisfied and unhappy, thus leading to passive resistance. The 5 Year plans goal was to modernise and mechanise Russia, and turn it from an agricultural state to an industrial state.

The 5 Year Plans enabled Russia to become modernised and mechanised, therefore improving farming methods and industrial production. Russia’s farming methods modernised and mechanised as Russia went from an agrarian (cow and plow) country to using tractors. Russia’s industry grew as people moved back into the cities, thus industrial output became stronger. Russia was able to export goods and food (becoming the biggest exporter of maize and corn) therefore getting foreign investment into the country. Russia imported new technologies from other countries thus making Russia further modernised and mechanised.

The 5 Year Plans where able to increase Russia’s standard of living by dealing with the food and housing shortages. The Soviet government built flats to combat the housing shortages, providing flats to many people. The Soviet government gave bonuses to workers who met the targets set by the 5 Year Plans, however workers had to work long hours and received poor wages, therefore leaving them dissatisfied. The need for skilled labors arose during the 5 Year Plans (mechanised). The Soviet government built schools and universities to educate the Russian children and Adult Literary classes where introduced. Although the workers where treated poorly, there where improvements made that helped increase they’re standard of living.

During the 5 Year Plans the Soviet government improved infrastructure therefore allowing raw materials and products to become more accessible. Russia’s roads where tarred, canal systems built and train rails laid. This enabled a greater factory output production.

The 5 Year Plans collectivised...