3.2 Childcare

Piaget – constructivist
Jean Piaget (1896-1980) came up with the stages of development and believed that we learn from experiences we’ve had. He came up with schemas which are a form of thoughts and ideas. His stages were sensorimotor (0-2years) where they learn coordination and simple language, preoperational (2-7years) is where they develop symbolic thinking and have strong imagination and intuition, concrete operational (7-11years) they begin to understand concepts and begin to learn shape, space and measure and formal operations (11+years) where they use logic and reasoning, begin to use strategies and planning and can apply the concepts they know to other contexts. This links to the Early Years Foundation stage (EYFS) and current practice because they use physical and symbolic play and use milestones for stages of development.
Bandura - social learning
Albert Bandura (1925-current) is a psychologist who was born in Canada. He believes that children copy the person in their life that they see as a potential role model and with a higher status of them.   His main ideas are that children learn by watching others and imitating them. He thinks that play mainly helps the social and intellectual development. This links to the EYFS/current practice as it supports good role models as well as role play to promote their development.
Freud – psychoanalytic
Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) was a psychoanalytic who was born in Austria. He came up with the three types of personalities; id, ego and superego which develop at different stages in life. The id is the unconscious part of the mind, which acts on instinct. The ego deals with wants and needs and is the rational one out of the three. The superego deals with morals and ideals and allows the person to have a sense of guilt. He believed that children develop personality through play and sees play as therapy and helps to overcome issues. This links to the current practice/EYFS they promote role play which helps to...