Using Classical Approach in Coteaching

Chapter I:   Introduction

1-Background of the Study

The role of management is to guide organizational toward goal accomplishment.   All organizations exist for certain purposes or goals, and managers are responsible for combining organizational resources to ensure that organization achieve their purpose.   Management in all business and organizational   can be defines as the act of getting people together to accomplish desired goals and objectives using available resources efficiently and effectively.   Management is considered a process because it involves a series of interrelated functions.   The management process includes planning, organizing, influencing and controlling functions and all of these functions are contained within each other.

In the   last century,   management has undergone systematic investigation, acquired a common body of knowledge, and has become a formal discipline of study Probably, the most important influence on management was the Industrial Revolution. It began in the late eighteenth century in Great Britain, where machine power was being substituted for human power.   Thanks to this movement, there was the development of big organizations. that would require formalized management practices.

The roots of modern management lie within a group of practitioners and who gave their contributions to management which we call the classical approach. We can divide it into two subcategories:
1. Scientific management theorists: It's the theorists that looked at the field from the perspective of how to improve the productivity of operative personnel.
2.comprehensive analysis of management: They were concerned with the overall organization and how to make it more effective.
Using scientific management techniques, Taylor was able to define the one best way for doing each job. Then, he could select the right people for the job and train them to do it precisely in this one best way.   Another associate of Taylor was an engineer named Henry L. Gantt....