Urban Development

The progress of a country or region has often been measured by the amount of urban development in its area. Some of the countries in the Asian region according to Dr Phan chang (2006) have been experiencing fast growths of urban development projects in recent years and are reaping vast economic benefits from them. Due to these economic success most of the Asian countries have been scrambling to carry out many massive development projects and planning for many more. Average incomes of the people are increasing tremendously fuelled by global investors/market for cheaper products, labour and real estates. With this increase in income, and release in the release for the sale and private ownership of land, there is increase in demand for land and properties for housing. However, although a vast number of people reap much economic and other benefit from these projects, there are always large sectors of the people that do not enjoy the benefits.
On the other hand, development of land, if carried out hastily and in a disorderly and inconsiderate manner, is often accompanied by undesirable environmental and socio-economic impacts, that will create suffering to the people and cost the government as well as depletion of resources for the future generation.

Urban are the biggest challenge for judging the validity and applicability of concepts of and policies for sustainable development. The importance of cities is based not solely on demographic grounds, but on economic, political and social grounds as well.
Urban around the world are growing at a never experienced rate. Over the past thirty years, the number of people living in cities in the developing countries has grew with more than 200%. Explosive urban migration, high birth rates, high unemployment rates, increasing crime, limited or ineffective health and education services, crumbling or missing infrastructure, and unfavourable...