UNIT 015
Outcome 1
1.1 List 3 responsibilities of a paediatric first aider.
1.   Doing everything you can to save someones life, without putting yourself in danger
2. To prevent the condition from worsening
3. To treat the condition

1.2 What precautions can a first aider take to minimise the risk of infection to themselves and others?
It is important first aid procedures have due regard for the danger of cross-infection. Simple rules of personal hygiene and wearing gloves are sufficient to guard both the first aid provider and the casualty from contamination when treating or caring for a casualty.
Prior to Treatment
• Wash hands with soap and water or rinse with antiseptic
• Ensure hands are washed thoroughly between fingers and under nails
• Place a barrier between you and the casualty’s body fluids
• Always wear nitrile or latex gloves if available
• Take care not to touch any unclean object when wearing gloves or once hands are washed
• If possible, use a protective cover over clothing
• Cover any adjacent areas likely to produce infection
During Treatment
• Use a face shield or mask with a one-way-valve or filter, if available, when performing resuscitation
• Use only clean bandages and dressings
• Avoid coughing, breathing or speaking over the wound
• Avoid contact with body fluids
• Avoid treating more than one casualty without washing hands and changing gloves
After Treatment
• Clean up both casualty and yourself
• Clean up the immediate vicinity
• Dispose of dressings, bandages, sharps, gloves and soiled clothing safely and correctly
• Wash hands with soap and water thoroughly, even if gloves were used
Waste materials can be placed inside a plastic bag, which is then placed inside another plastic bag and tied securely. Use a biohazard bag if possible. Do not place in rubbish bin. Seek advice from your local health department on disposal options.
1.3 What suitable materials should be in a first aid box?
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