Understand the Process and Experience of Dementia

CU242P/ CT242- Understand the Process and Experience of Dementia

Dementia is a progressive brain dysfunction, from its onset and throughout the progression of the disease, it results in a restriction of the daily activities people could do and will very often lead to the need for long-term care and support. It is a condition that is characterised by a decline in individual’s mental abilities accompanied by changes in personality and behaviour. It is now a significant cause of illness within the population of the UK.
Some facts and figures on how common dementia is-
  * The probability of suffering from dementia increases with age, the onset is usually after the age of 65
  * It is estimated that approximately:
  * Less than 2% of people between 65 and 69 years are affected
  * 5% of people between 75 and 79 years are affected
  * More than 20% of people between the ages of 85 and 89 are affected
  * And around a third of people over the age of 90 suffer from a form of dementia
  * Half of people with dementia suffer from Alzheimer’s disease
  * And over 570,000 people in England alone have dementia
Dementia is a broad term used to describe a range of signs and symptoms associated with chemical and physical changes within the brain. It refers to a group of illnesses that involve memory, behaviour, and learning and communicating problems, these problems slowly deteriorate over time.
There are 2 ways in which dementia is supported and addressed, which are described as models, these models are-
Medical model- ‘dementia as a clinical syndrome is characterised by global cognitive impairment, which represents a decline from previous level of functioning, and is associated with impairment in functional abilities and, in many cases, behavioural and psychiatric disturbances’. This model creates dependency, restricts people’s choice, disempowers individuals, devalues them, it reinforces stereotypes and can be viewed as oppressive. The medical...