Understand the Impact of an Acquired Brain Injury on Individuals

Unit 30: Understand the Impact of an Acquired Brain Injury on Individuals

An acquired Brain Injury is brain damage caused by events after birth, rather than as part of a genetic or congenital disorder.   Acquired Brain Injuries can result in cognitive, physical, emotional or behavioural impairments that lead to permanent or temporary changes in functioning.   These impairments result from either a traumatic brain injury (e.g. physical trauma due to accidents such as a car accident or a fall, assaults, neurosurgery or a head injury) or a non-traumatic injury deprived from either an internal or external source (e.g.   Stroke, substance abuse, brain tumours or infection.   Acquired Brain injury is also known as an ABI.  

A case of a mild brain injury is an occurrence of injury to the head resulting from blunt trauma or acceleration or deceleration forces with one or more of the following conditions attributable to the head injury during the surveillance period.  

• Any period of observed or self-reported transient confusion, disorientation or impaired consciousness
• Any period of observed or self-reported dysfunction of memory (amnesia)   around the time of injury
• Observed signs of other neurological dysfunction such as –
-Seizures acutely following a head injury
- Among infants and small children: irritability lethargy or vomiting followed by a head injury
- Symptoms among older children and adults such as headache, dizziness, irritability, fatigue or poor concentration, when identified soon after injury, can be used to make the diagnosis in the absence of loss of consciousness or altered consciousness
• Any period of observed or self – reported loss of consciousness lasting 30 minutes or less

Moderate brain injury can occur at any time there’s a sudden, violent movement to the head or a blow to the head.   Moderate brain injury is often diagnose well after the injury, as other apparent injuries can mask the symptoms.   Moderate brain injury can be...