Theory of Form

Plato & Aristotle

Theory of Form1
What would Plato argue?
Plato would argue that the world we perceive through the sense seems to always be changing. This world we perceive through the mind, using our concepts, seems to be permanent and unchanged. Plato splits these two into two realms which are the material realm and the translucent realm of forms. Plato believes humans have access to the realms of forms through the mind, through reasoning.
Plato would argue the Theory of Form such as, the form circularity exists apart or separately from individual coins and other circular things, and they are dependent on it for their existence as circular things.   The forms are transcendent. This means that they do not exist in space and time. A material object, a coin, exists at a particular place at a particular time. A form, roundness, does not exist at any place or time. The forms exist, or subsist, in a different way. This is especially important because it explains why the forms are unchanging. A form such as, roundness will never change; it does not even exist in time. It is the same at all times or places in which it might be instantiated. A form does not exist in space in that it can be instantiated in many places at once and need not be instantiated anywhere in order for the form to exist. The form of roundness can be found in many particular spatial locations, and even if all round objects were destroyed, the property of roundness would still exist.
Theory of Knowledge
Knowledge must be certain and infallible. Knowledge must have as its object that which is genuinely real as contrasted with that which is an appearance only, that which is fully real must be fixed, permanent and unchanging- in the realm of being as opposed to that which is in the realm of becoming physical. When we are presented with something new, we tend to become newly aroused and have a dream like quality at first. However, if the same questions are put to us on many occasions and in...