The Hawthorne’s American Nation

The Hawthorne’s American Nation
Abstract: One of the most important topics in The Scarlet Letter is the Puritanism in American and Europe culture. In the paper, I am going to argue that Nathaniel Hawthorne's novel show us his personal view about the Americanness and their customs, like the society or religion. In order to support that, I would like to talk about Hawthorne’s Biography for to understand his point of view about The Puritanism and their customs, and how they affected, negatively and positive, in Hester and the society's opinion about her.
Keywords: Scarlet Letter, Hester, Puritanism, Nathaniel Hawthorne, America.
Born on July 4, 1804, in Salem Massachusetts, Nathaniel Hawthorne’s life was steeped in the Puritan legacy. An early antecessor, William Hathorne, first emigrated from England to America in 1630 and settled in Salem, where he became a judge known for his harsh sentencing. William’s son, John Hathorne, was one of three judges during the Salem Witch Trials in the 1690s. Nathaniel later added a “w” to his name to distance himself from his family.
After college, Hawthorne tried his hand at writing, producing historical sketches and an anonymous novel, Fanshawe, which detailed his college days. He abandoned his customs post for started an utopian experiment at Book farm, a commune designed to promote economic self-sufficiency and transcendentalist principles by His growing relationship with an intellectual circle, that included Ralph Waldo Emerson and Margaret Fuller. This transcendentalism was a religious and philosophical movement that was dedicated to the belief that divinity manifests itself everywhere, particularly in the natural world. It also advocated a personalized, direct relationship with the divine in place of formalized structured religion. We can see this second transcendental idea in The Scarlet Letter.
After marrying fellow transcendentalist Sophia Peabody in 1842, Hawthorne left Brook Farm and moved into the Old Manse, a home...