The 2009 Un Climate Change Conference


The 15th annual United Nations Climate Change Conference, also referred to as the 15th Conference of the Parties (COP15), was held from the 7th of December to the 18th of December 2009 in Copenhagen, Denmark. International politicians, diplomats, journalists and Non-governmental organizations attended this conference with the ultimate aim of producing an international agreement to succeed the Kyoto Protocol when it was to expire at the end of 2012. [2]

Due to various political issues, it seemed improbable that this goal would be an actual outcome of the conference. The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC) executive secretary, Yvo de Boer, formulated a list of essential issues that would have to be addressed in the likely event that a climate treaty was not established, if any kind of progress was to be made. This included determining how much the industrialized countries were willing to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, how much major developing countries like China and India would be willing to do to limit the growth of their own emissions, how finances were going to be assembled to help developing nations attempt to reduce emissions and adapt to the impacts of climate change, and how these finances were going to be managed. [2]

As expected, a successor to the Kyoto Protocol was not agreed upon by the time the conference ended. The most significant outcome of COP15 was the Copenhagen Accord, however it is not legally recognized by the United Nations, nor is it legally binding on the parties in favour of it, due to international disagreements. This means that delegates were merely allowed to express their support or dissatisfaction with the Copenhagen Accord by recognizing its existence. [7]

There were several political issues that affected the outcomes of the Copenhagen Conference. Almost all countries around the world agreed that it is a necessity for greenhouse gas emissions to be reduced....