In this task I am going to justify the reasons why policies and procedures need to be reviewed following critical incidents. I will be using a hygiene policy for a hospital and the case study of an out brake of MRSA at the hospital. I will also be justifying why changes need to be made to policies and procedures. I will be referring the reasons to the service users, visitor’s, staff members and the whole organisation with in Health and Social Care settings.  

Case Study
“Mary aged 75, is a resident in the Bluebell Care Home and has been referred to City hospital GP. Mary has Diabetes Mellitus for 20 years and has now developed an ulcer on her leg, which is not healing despite treatment. A swab from the ulcer has taken by the hospital for culture and MRSA has been found, two wards in City Hospital have been closed because of an out break of MRSA” (Case Study given)  

Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus
MRSA- “MRSA is a type of bacterial infection that is resistant to a number of widely used antibiotics. This means it can be more difficult to treat than other bacterial infections.” ( (25/01/14)

What are a policy and a procedure?
Policy: “Policies are clear, simple statements of how your organisation intends to conduct its services, actions or business. They provide a set of guiding principles to help with decision making.”
Procedure: “Procedures describe how each policy will be put into action in your organisation. Each procedure should outline: who will do what,
What steps they need to take.

Why is Hand Hygiene important?
“Hand hygiene is considered the single most important infection control activity in all clinical or care settings, and can help reduce the spread of healthcare associated infection (HCAI)” Its important to you’re your hands to prevent...