Mr. Lindner
THEOLOGY                                                       11/19/14


"Whether a cat is black or white makes no difference. As long as it catches mice, it is a good cat." --
                                              DENG XIAOPING

Deng Xiaoping was a Chinese revolutionary and statesman. He was the leader of China from 1978 until his retirement in 1992. After Mao Zedong's death, Deng led his country through far-reaching market economic reforms. While Deng never held office as the head of state, head of government or General Secretary , he nonetheless was the "paramount leader" of the People's Republic of China from December 1978 to 1992. He is generally credited with developing China into one of the fastest-growingeconomies in the world for over 35 years and raising the standard of living of hundreds of millions of Chinese.
Deng Xiaoping's greatest contribution to modern China came when this veteran revolutionary was well into his 70s, and the backlash against the Cultural Revolution had propelled him to the top of China's ruling elite. Ascending to power in 1978, Deng ridiculed the Cultural Revolution slogan that held it was "better to be poor under socialism than rich under capitalism." The blunt, practical Deng offered instead: "Poverty is not socialism." He encouraged the creation of a market economy and capitalist-like enterprises, and by the early 1990s his reforms had helped lift an estimated 170 million peasants out of extreme poverty.
Twice he was to be dragged down from those heights -- purged as a ''capitalist roader in 1967 during the Cultural Revolution and again -- after a remarkable comeback -- following the death of Mao in 1976.
Only with his second resurrection did Mr. Deng begin to consolidate his power, becoming China's paramount leader in 1978. He was then 74, seemingly too old to be anything but a transitional figure. Instead, he reigned for a generation.
Even after his formal retirement in...