Assignment: DSM-IV Evaluation: Personality Disorders
Connie Grubb
April 01, 2011
Miles Castle

Personality disorders do not discriminate. They may develop in an individual regardless of race, ethnicity, age, socioeconomic status, or gender. Individuals suffering from a personality disorder often find their lives influenced by the disorder. Some may withdraw from society while others find that society avoids them and their behaviors. Personality disorders exist as dissociative and somatoform disorders, “odd” personality disorders, “dramatic” personality disorders, and “anxious” personality disorders (Corner, 2005). The causes of personality disorders have many different theories. Therapists usually adhere to one or more theory to explain a personality disorder. Treatments also vary and depend on the therapist’s model of theory.
Case Study 1
Case study 1 of Appendix H involves an individual suffering from a schizoid personality disorder. Schizoid personality disorder falls under the “odd” personality disorder category. Individuals suffering from a schizoid personality disorder prefer to remain alone and seldom engage in social activities. One’s behavior and thinking becomes odd. Such individuals rarely display emotion and others often view them as loners.
The psychodynamic theory perspective of psychology believes that schizoid personality disorder results from an unsatisfied need for human contact during developmental years. Because of emotional coldness or abuse from caregivers, the individual does not have the ability to give or receive love (Corner, 2005). Cognitive theorists believe that schizoid personality results from a lack of development in thinking and perceptual skills. Such individuals do not have the ability to process the emotional signals received from their environment. As a result, the individual does not respond to emotions or have a need for socialization.
Traditional psychodynamic therapy does not prove effective for...