In Safeguarding Children 2013 safeguarding is defined as: protecting children from maltreatment. preventing impairment of children's health and development. ensuring that children grow up in circumstances consistent with the provision of safe and effective care.
The Department for Education is responsible for child protection in England. It outlines legislation, policy and statutory guidance on how the child protection system should function.
At the local level Local safeguarding children boards (LSCBs) co-ordinate, and ensure the effectiveness of, work to protect and promote the care and welfare of children. Each LSCB includes: local authorities, the police, health bodies and others, including the voluntary and independent sectors. The LSCBs are responsible for local child protection policy, procedure and guidance.

Children Act 1989
Currently provides the legislative framework for child protection in England. Two main principles established by the act include:
the paramount nature of the child's welfare
the expectations and requirements around duties of care to children.
This act was strengthened by the Children's Act 2004. The amendments encourages working partnerships and allows for more accountability.  
The Children's Act 2004:

·         places a duty on local authorities to appoint a director of children’s services and an elected lead member for children’s services, who is ultimately accountable for the delivery of services.
·         creates the post of Children's Commissioner for England
·         places a duty on local authorities and their partners (including the police, health service providers and the youth justice system) to co-operate in promoting the wellbeing of children and young people and to make arrangements to safeguard and promote the welfare of children

·         updates the legislation on physical punishment (section 58) by limiting the use of the defense of reasonable punishment so that it can no longer be...