Principles of safeguarding and protection in health and social care
Outcome 1 – Know how to recognise signs of abuse
  1. Defining the following types of abuse.
  * Physical abuse – Is defined as the use of physical force that may result in bodily injury, physical pain, or impairment.
  * Sexual abuse – is defined as non-consensual sexual contact of any kind with a person incapable of giving consent.
  * Emotional/physical abuse – is defined as the infliction of anguish, pain or distress through verbal or nonverbal acts.
  * Financial abuse – is defined as the illegal or improper use of a person’s funds, property or assets.
  * Institutional – is defined as what arises from an unsatisfactory regime. It occurs when the routines, systems and norms of an institution override the needs of those it is there to support.
  * Self neglect abuse – is defined as the behaviour of a person that threatens his/her own health or safety.
  * Neglect by others – is defined as the repeated deprivation of assistance that the person at risk needs for important activities of daily living

  2. Identifying the signs and /or symptoms associated with each type of abuse.
  * Physical abuse – bruises, broken bones, sprains and sudden changes in behaviour.
  * Sexual abuse – bruises around genital area, unexplained venereal/genital infections, bloody underclothing.
  * Emotional/physical abuse – upset/agitated, extremely withdrawn and no communicative.
  * Financial abuse – sudden changes in finances, unexplained withdrawals, unexplained disappearance of funds or valuable possessions.
  * Institutional abuse – inappropriate or poor care, misuse of medication and restricted access to toilet or bathing facilities.
  * Self neglect – dehydration, malnutrition, untreated or improperly attended medical conditions, and poor personal hygiene.
  * Neglect by others – Inadequate care, neglect of physical or emotional needs and deprivation of food, clothing and/or...