Revision of Crime

Revision of Crime
Review Questions
      Indictable offence: A crime that is serious- Eg, murder,       rape etc. For which the accused will stand in trial before       a judge and jury.         A) Statute Law is law made by parliament. In NSW the laws made       by parliament are laid out in the Crimes Act 1900 (NSW), and       through this law the Government is able to reform older legislation       that is no longer relevant to modern life. These laws are here       for protection and wellbeing of all people.     B) Doctrine of Precedent:the concept that decisions in court cases should be consistent with earlier cases that are similar.
      A) The court of Criminal appeal is seen over by 3 Supreme Court       justices and has the role of seeing individuals who have been       found guilty in a District or Supreme Court who have appealed       to this court. The prosecution can appeal to this court if       they believe the sentence is too lenient.     B) The High Courthears appeals from the various state Courts of Criminal Appeal. Most civil cases heard before the High Court relate to businesses and large companies. Before a civil case can be heard by the High Court it must show that the case:
  Relates to a matter of public importance
      Must be heard in order that justice is served
      Needs to be heard because there is some confusion over earlier   ruling at another court level.
          A) Criminal Law consists of harmful actions that are committed       against the whole community. Any person who has been involved       in a crime is known as a ‘party’ to the crime. The level of punishment       is determined by the level of involvement in the crime.     B) 4 main categories:
  Principle in the first degree- The perpetrator that is directly   responsible for the crime
      Principle in the Second degree- The person who is present at   the crime and assisted in some way.
      Accessory before the fact- A person who helped plan the crime...