University of Salahaddin /College of languages
MA Center of literature / Research writing Course
Prof. Dr. Fatimah Rashid Hasan
Weekly assignments                                                  
Q: IIV Use brackets to set off changes within a quotation. Brackets will indicate your changes or addition. Avoid excessive use of brackets, they make quotations more difficult to read and comprehend.
For Instance this speech is taken from Shakespeare’s Othello in order to demonstrate the use of punctuation within a quotation.  
  * Original: Iago:   Hold your peace.
                        Emilia: ‘T will out, ‘t will out. I peace!
                                        No, I will speak as liberal as the north. (5.2.218-19)

  *     Though Iago bids his wife to “hold her Peace,”
              Emilia declares, “I will speak as liberally as the north wind” (5.2.218-19).

This is not acceptable because the words within your quotation marks must be quoted exactly from the original, otherwise you can enclose new words within brackets like:

  * Though Iago bids his wife to “hold [her] peace,” Emilia declares, “ I will speak as liberal[ly] as the north [wind] (5.2.218-19).

Often paraphrase will serve as well as quotation, especially when you’re not explicitly analyzing the language of the passage, because following explicit approach means going through the work in detail and give comment.
  * Though Iago bids his wife to hold her peace, Emilia declares that she will speak as liberally as the north wind.

Notice that a word within brackets can either replace a word in the original (as in the substitution of her for "your" above) or be added to explain or complete the original (as with –ly and wind above) since a reader understands that brackets signal either substitution or additions, it's wrong to include the new words for which the substitutions have been made.

  * Iago bids his wife to...