Psychological Responses to Terror

Psychological Responses to Terror

Lucinda Beatty

Introduction: Psychological Responses to Terror

      Two historical and tragic disasters of civilian annihilation of are depicted the 1915 Sinking of Lusitania and the   September 11th Terrorists Attacks. These two disasters were over one hundred years apart yet similarities are common fundamentals such as goals of warfare. With the militant goals of control and domination, manipulation fuels the strategic battle plan. Though the means have evolved, warfare strategies still beckon the same results. Military‚Äôs most intense weapons is psychological warfare and the only way to battle psychological warfare is to counter it with psychological defenses.   Beyond historical facts and comparisons found in the two mentioned disasters, psychological concepts are analyzed in the behavioral responses to terror.

      The Lusitania Disaster

      Historical facts of the   Lusitania Disaster report that the   ship was in route from New York City to Liverpool England carrying   civilian American passengers. As the liner approached Liverpool, England   it was struck by a torpedo from a German submarine.   Resulting, the Lusitania exploded and civilian passengers died, one hundred and twenty-three of the   civilian passengers were American. ( In the case of the Sinking of the 1915 Lusitania, the public was greatly deceived. The liner was financed by British Admiralty with its intended use for matters of war. The completion of Lusitania came during a time of peace, so temporarily, the liner commuted civilian passengers between Liverpool and New York City. Unknown to civilian passengers, in 1913, two years before the tragedy, Lusitania's commission was for war service and its equipment included   gun mounts hidden by a teak deck.   On May 1, 1915, the day the German's attacked the Lusitania, the contents of its shipment included a colossal portion of war-type supplies. Had the government informed passengers of its cargo,...