Psychological and Sociological Concepts and Theories

The aim of this assignment is to examine how psychological and sociological theories can inform health promotion and how their application in nursing practices.   In order to discuss this matter, I recognize that it would be beneficial to locate a suitable definition for health promotion and health education at the outset.   The World Health Organisation (1986) defines health promotion as the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve their health, also they state that health education comprises consciously constructed opportunities for learning involving some form of communication designed to improve health literacy, including improving knowledge, and developing life skills which are conducive to individual and community health.   Now that there are definitions for these key terms, the focus of this assignment will move to finding a suitable health promotion model to use as the structure for this assignment.
Beattie’s Framework appears as a suitable candidate, it is a useful tool for facilitating health professionals to work under the many restraints put upon them which will be discussed later.   Beattie’s framework can be subdivided into 4 main components namely Health Persuasion, Legislative Action, Personal Counselling and Community Development.   There are four external pressures that influence the components in Beattie’s framework; they are the individual, authoritative, collective and, negotiated pressures (Beattie, 1991).
This assignment will look at a case study with an individual who has developed abnormal health behaviour with regards to food, and consequently a diet that puts the individual at risk of acquiring diabetes.   Edelman and Mandle (2006) suggest that Beattie’s framework lays out the tools for the health professional to facilitate the change of a patient’s unhealthy lifestyle choices.   It is important to note that before using Beattie’s Framework or indeed any health promotion tool on a sociological or psychological level,...